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The Mills Institute

Healthcare Reimagined – Wellness Achieved

Dr. Steven Mill
Estrogen & testosterone depletion

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) can be wonderful tools for women and men suffering from hormone insufficiency.

As we age, our bodies will naturally produce less hormones. However, in some cases, they decline at a rate which is more than average and may require treatment.  One of the more common treatments for this condition is known as hormone therapy.

During hormone replacement therapy, artificial hormones are introduced to the body to replace the hormones that it is no longer receiving. The goal is to get the body to a level which is normal, keeping in mind various biological factors such as age and bodyweight.

Here are the pros and cons of Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy.

Women’s Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)



  • Effective at relieving menopausal symptoms
    Particularly hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal discomfort
  • Helps prevent bone loss caused by low Estrogen
  • Reduces the risk of Colon Cancer


  • May lead to a small increase in the risk of blood clots, heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer, gallbladder issues, deep vein thrombosis, and / or gall bladder disease
  • Increased chance of Endometrial Cancer, caused by growth of the uterine lining

Men’s Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT)



  • Lowers the risks associated with low testosterone, such as heart disease and osteoporosis
  • Increased energy, sex drive, and muscle mass as well as improvements in mood, concentration, and sleep


  • Small chance of side effects such as acne, swollen ankles or breasts, or trouble breathing while sleeping
  • A (debatable) potential increased risk of cardiac issues
  • Potential decrease in sperm count and fertility during treatment

Although the risks are rather unlikely of occurring in most cases, it is worth considering them before deciding to partake in any form of Hormone replacement therapy.

If you are suffering from a hormone imbalance, The Mills Institute can help. Visit our Patient Portal today to sign up and being your journey toward better health.